Different types of natural rocks climbers need to know

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Climbing outdoors on natural rocks was the only way climbers get to rock climb. However, with the popularity and convenience of climbing gyms, most climbers spend more time climbing on plastic than on natural rocks. As fun as climbing gyms are, every climber should… no, in fact, must climb outdoors on natural rock. Climbing in a gym is like running a marathon on a treadmill. It is safe and convenient but let’s be honest it is nothing like running an actual marathon.

For those who are new to climbing and had never climbed on natural rocks before. We will give you a crash course on the different types of natural rocks you will encounter when climbing outdoors.

3 different types of rocks

Igneous Rock

The formation of Igneous rock is through the cooling and solidification of liquid magma. The solidification to form rocks can take place below the surface (Intrusive) or on the surface (Extrusive).

Igneous rock is coarse and grained and its composition is mainly quartz, alkali feldspar, and plagioclase.

An example of Igneous rock is granite. Granite often forms huge rock masses which are weathered by wind, rain, snow, and ice into mountains, cliffs, and domes. Weaknesses in granites which erosion attacks are generally vertical joints that widen into cracks. Thus many of the best crack climbs in the world are found on granite walls.

Climbing destinations with granite rocks

Yosemite California USA

Yosemite National Park the place with the most famous granite rocks in the world Half Dome and El Capitan.

Yosemite El Capitan The Nose

Bukit Takun Selangor Malaysia

Looking to climb on granite? Bukit Takun is granite rocks that you can get your hands on without the need to stray too far from home.

Bukit Takun Selangor Malaysia

Dairy Farm Singapore

Right here in our backyard. Our very own little piece of natural outdoor climbing Dairy Farm.

Climbing at Dairy Farm has been temporarily banned by the National Parks Board. So until the ban is lifted do not climb at Dairy Farm.

Dairy Farm Singapore
PC: thecrag.com

Sedimentary Rock

Sedimentary rocks are formed by the accumulation of minerals and organic matters on the Earth surface and through cementation, sedimentary rocks are formed.

Example of sedimentary rocks are sandstones and limestones

Climbing destinations with sandstone

Grampians Victoria Australia

Climbers from around the world travel to Australia to climb on The Grampians famous sandstone walls.

Climbing had been banned in certain areas of The Grampians by Parks Victoria. Make sure you check out the climbing access rules and restrictions on the Parks Victoria website.

PC: thecourier.com.au
Photographer: Simon Carter

Long Dong Taiwan

Ocean sandstone cliff climbing at Long Dong Taiwan.

PC: matadornetwork.com
Photographer: Matt Girvan

Climbing destinations with limestone

There are many places in Asia where you can find limestone rock faces. Most of the common climbing locations in Asia to go climbing on limestone walls are Batu Caves (Malaysia), Krabi (Thailand), Thakhek (Laos), Ha Long Bay (Vietnam) and Yangshuo (China).

Krabi Thailand

Krabi is one of the most popular climbing destinations in Southeast Asia. Long stretches of towering limestone walls along the coastline as well as overhanging roofs over the sea for deep water solo.

Krabi Thailand

Thakhek Laos

Green Climbers Home in Thakhek Laos is a popular climbing destination. The area is surrounded by limestone walls and caves with amazing stalactites.

PC: Forest Arnaud

Yangshuo China

China’s most renowned climbing area. Yangshuo county in the southern Guangxi region. Thousands of climbers travel to Yangshuo every year to climb on its wide array of limestone towers.

PC: Mario Heller

Ha Long Bay Vietnam

Ha Long Bay’s huge bulging limestone towers is fast becoming a popular destination in Asia for deep water soloing.

PC: ascendinstyle.com

Ceuse France

The famous outcrop of the Ceuse limestone Massif. Some of the hardest and famous classic routes can be found at Ceuse.

PC: www.kuhl.com

Castle Hill Basin New Zealand

The Castle Hill Basin at New Zealand south island is a boulderer’s playground. Hundreds of limestone boulders and thousands of routes just walking distance from each other. There is literally a lifetime worth of climbs for boulderers. Castle Hill Basin’s limestone boulders are unique. Unlike bouldering elsewhere, at Castle Hill having power will not get you up the boulders. Bouldering at Castle Hill is an experience unlike any other.

PC: Matt Tranter

Metamorphic Rock

Metamorphic rocks are formed when rocks are subjected to extremely high temperature and pressure which causes physical and chemical changes. Metamorphic rocks are extremely hard which is great for trad climbing.

An example of metamorphic rock is quartzite.

Climbing destination with quartzite

Mount Arapiles Victoria Australia

One of the best places for trad climbing. Mt Arapiles Victoria Australia. Solid hard quartzite rock makes Mt Arapiles a trad climbing paradise.

Mt.Araplies Victoria Australia
PC: https://www.theaustralian.com.au/

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